Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $55.99 . (They were in prison for 13 months.) Les trois premiers fils d'Henri II de Bourbon et de Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency étant morts en bas âge, Louis reçut le titre de « duc d'Enghien ». He also rebelled against Louis XIV as the leader of the last Fronde in 1651, leading to his exile from France until 1659. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon-Vendome (1612–6 Aug 1669), Find a Grave Memorial no. It was the greatest French victory for a century and was due, beyond doubt, to his personal effort. [4] In 1644 he was sent with reinforcements into Germany to the assistance of Turenne, who was hard pressed, and took command of the whole army.[5]. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. André Le Nôtre landscaped his park at Chantilly; Pierre Mignard and Charles Le Brun decorated the walls of his palace with mythological paintings; Antoine Coysevox sculpted a famous bust of him; and Pérelle and Jean Berain painted views of his palace. In 1643 Enghien was appointed to command against the Spanish in northern France. Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) Prince of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon and French military leader, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, François de La Trémoille, Viscount of Thouars, Henri de Montmorency, Duke of Montmorency, Anne of the Palatinate "Princess Palatine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis,_Grand_Condé&oldid=991691999, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Recipients of the Order of the Holy Spirit, French military personnel of the Franco-Dutch War, French military personnel of the Thirty Years' War, Military personnel of the Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from August 2019, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from August 2019, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. His father gave to the duc d’Enghien, as the Great Condé was at first called, a complete and strict education: six years with the Jesuits at Bourges, as well as mathematics and horsemanship at the Royal Academy at Paris. Louis’s father died on Dec. 26, 1646, and he then became both prince de Condé and heir to an enormous fortune. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-II-de-Bourbon-4e-prince-de-Conde. In 1646 Enghien served under Gaston, Duke of Orléans in Flanders, and when, after the capture of Mardyck, Orléans returned to Paris, Enghien, left in command, captured Dunkirk (11 October). His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu, before he joined the army in 1640. The Battle of Freiburg was desperately contested but after Rocroi, numerous fortresses opened their gates to the duke. ... to be in doubt." Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. His position, however, soon became both politically and militarily untenable, and he left Paris (October 1652) to take service with the Spaniards, whose generalissimo he became. 1567 Benjamin de Bourbon b. The royal forces under Turenne defeated Condé at the Battle of the Faubourg St Antoine in July 1652, ending the Fronde as a serious military threat. He followed his success at Rocroi with successes in the area of the Rhine at Thionville and Sierck. Corrections? Rest assured, that even without Napoleon, France boasts a number of military giants, not only in French history but in the history of the world at large and one of those was most certainly Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. [2] Despite being in love with Mlle du Vigean, daughter of the king's gentleman of the bedchamber François Poussard, he was compelled by his father to marry his fiancée who was thirteen. Thenceforth, he comported himself as a humble and loyal servant of the king, who, however, was long at pains to keep him from any military command. As Mazarin had intended, Condé could achieve little; however, a Spanish revival in the Low Countries led to his recall and victory at Lens in August 1648. Il distribue aussi aux gens de sa cour des livrées à ses couleurs et à sa devise, tradition anglaise introduite par Louis II de Bourbon, duc de Bourbonnais, comte de Forez, prince des Dombes etc. The princes de Condé were the heads of an important French branch of the House of Bourbon. English: Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 8 September, 1621 – 11 November, 1686) was a French soldier and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. Until 1646, when his father died, condé was duke of Enghien; afterward he became prince of Conde. Until 1646, when his father died, condé was duke of Enghien; afterward he became prince of Conde. French military leader. Even on his military campaigns he read the novels of Gaultier de Coste de La Calprenède, the histories of Livy, and the tragedies of Pierre Corneille. Updates? Enghien took part with distinction in the siege of Arras. But it was in his eagerness for battle, his quick decision in action, and the stern will which sent his regiments to face the heaviest losses, that Condé earned the right to be compared to the great generals of his time. In 1641, Louis XIII had granted him Clermont-en-Argonne, ceded to France by the Duchy of Lorraine; in 1648, this was converted to an appanage, effectively making it independent of royal authority. Despite victory over Turenne at Valenciennes in 1656,[2] defeat at the Battle of the Dunes in June 1658[8] led to the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). Louis II de Bourbon-Condé est un cousin issu de germain de Louis XIV, leurs arrières grands-pères Louis Ier de Bourbon-Condé et Antoine de Bourbon étaient frères. His will admitted no constraint, and his arrogance augured nothing for his equals but distrust. There, he once more confronted an old adversary, Raimondo Montecuccoli, Austria’s foremost commander, whom he forced to raise the siege of Haguenau and to withdraw across the Rhine. By 1648, this had become an increasingly bitter, multi-sided conflict between the Spanish, the Catalan nobility supported by France, and the Catalan peasantry. The capture of Philippsburg was the most important of his other achievements during this campaign. 1569 He allegedly fathered a son by his mistress Isabelle de Limeuil , who served as Maid of Honour to Catherine de' Medici and was a member of her notorious group of female spies known at the French court as the "Flying Squadron". Condé, however, again tried to extract too high a price for his goodwill toward the queen regent. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). At the Battle of Rocroi, Enghien himself conceived and directed the decisive victory. His deathbed conversion is not entirely convincing, for it came at the end of a life without religion. The resulting uncertain balance of power between crown and nobility inspired Condé to rebel himself, starting the far more serious Fronde des nobles. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. In mid-1686, Louise Françoise, later known as 'Madame la Duchesse', contracted smallpox while at Fontainebleau; Condé helped nurse her back to health, and prevented Louis from seeing her for his own safety. Louis II, duc de Bourbon. At the end of his life, Condé specially sought the companionship of Bourdaloue, Pierre Nicole, and Bossuet, and devoted himself to religious exercises. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. il sera vendu par le prince de … Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. Louis de Bourbon b. [1] His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families. On his return, despite the passion that he had conceived for Marthe du Vigean, a young lady of the inner circle of Parisian society, the young duke was obliged, on Feb. 9, 1641, to go through the marriage that had been imposed on him and from which little but conjugal distrust and hatred was to ensue. II. Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency; the infant was immediately endowed with the title of Duke of Enghien. When she took up the challenge, he launched an open rebellion in the southwest (September 1651), allied himself with Spain, and made his way to Paris, where he was able for a time to defy the royal army commanded by Turenne. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. Il est le fils du prince Henri II de Bourbon-Condé et de Charlotte de Montmorency, et le frère d'Anne-Geneviève (connue sous le nom de Madame de Longueville, elle a joué un rôle important pendant la Fronde des princes) et de Armand de Bourbon-Condé, prince de Conti. Louis II de Bourbon, Hoàng tử Condé (8 tháng 9 năm 1621 – 11 tháng 12 năm 1686) là một vị tướng người Pháp và là đại diện nổi tiếng nhất của chi nhánh Condé của Nhà Bourbon.Trước khi cha ông qua đời năm 1646, ông được phong là Công tước d'Enghien.Đối với năng lực … Condé became a loyal supporter of Louis XIV, living quietly at the Château de Chantilly, an estate inherited from his uncle, Henri II de Montmorency. Among his early victories in the Thirty Years War [2] were those of Rocroi (1643), Freiburg (1644), Nördlingen (1645), and Lens (1648). Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) [Anonymous, .] Il défend d'abord le parti de la cour, la régence durant la minorité de Louis XIV étant assumée par sa mère Anne d'Autriche, secondée par le cardinal Mazarin, premier ministre, puis il prend parti contre Mazarin qu'il appelle « le faquin écarlate ». In January 1650, he was arrested, along with Conti and Longueville; imprisoned at Vincennes, and when asked if he needed reading material, he allegedly replied 'The memoirs of M de Beaufort,' who had made a dramatic escape from the same prison two years earlier.[7]. Genealogy for Louis Armand II de Bourbon-Conti, duc de Mercoeur (1695 - 1727) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. [3] Although she bore her husband three children, Enghien later claimed she committed adultery with different men in order to justify locking her away at Châteauroux, but the charge was widely disbelieved: Saint-Simon, while admitting that she was homely and dull, praised her virtue, piety and gentleness in the face of relentless abuse.[4]. He also rebelled against Louis XIV a… Condé only escaped when the Duchess of Montpensier persuaded the Parisians to open the gates; in September, he and a few loyalists defected to Spain. Duke of Orléans (French: Duc d'Orléans) was a French royal title usually granted by the King of France to one of his close relatives (usually a younger brother or son), or otherwise inherited through the male line. Here he assembled a brilliant circle of literary men, including Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Nicole, Bourdaloue, and Bossuet. During the first of these wars, he conducted the siege of Paris (January–March 1649) for the government but afterward behaved with such arrogance as the government’s saviour that Mazarin, in collusion with his former opponents, had Condé, his brother, and their brother-in-law the duc de Longueville (Henri d’Orléans) arrested on Jan. 18, 1650, when they were in attendance at court. In 1673, he was again engaged in the Low Countries, and in 1674, he fought his last great battle, the Battle of Seneffe, against William of Orange. Condé conquered the Franche-Comté during the War of Devolution and led the French armies in the Franco-Dutch War together with Turenne. His father betrothed him to the young Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé (Cardinal de Richelieu’s niece) before his son’s departure to the army of Picardy, with which he, in July 1640, saw action before the siege of Arras. [2] After that he entered the Royal Academy at Paris. Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. This Louis F. de Bourbon you never the Duke de PenthieVre. Although Louise Françoise survived, Condé became ill, allegedly from worry over her health; he died at Fontainebleau on 11 November 1686 at the age of sixty-five, and was buried at Vallery, traditional resting place of the Princes of Condé. He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. [2] He also won Richelieu's favor when he was present with the Cardinal during the plot of Cinq Mars, and afterwards fought in the Siege of Perpignan (1642). He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. (This dream of kingship he was to pursue vainly for several years.). Condé's vast domains included Burgundy and Berry, while the Prince de Conti, his brother, held Champagne and his brother-in-law, Longueville, controlled Normandy. Enghien spent the next winter, as every winter during the war, amid the gaieties of Paris. At the forcing of the Rhine passage at Tolhuis (June 12), he received a severe wound, after which he commanded in Alsace against the Imperials. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. The Prince's retirement, which was only broken by the Polish question and by his personal intercession on behalf of Fouquet in 1664, ended in 1668. Shortly after their release in February 1651, the diverging interests of the two rebellious parties led to a shift of alliances, with the crown and Parlements against Condé's party of the high nobility. His studies completed, he was presented to Louis XIII (Jan. 19, 1636) and then accompanied his father to the Duchy of Burgundy (the government of which had become a family perquisite since 1631), where he received the king on September 19 of the same year. Louis II [1] de Bourbon Condé, prince de, 1621–86, French general, called the Great Condé; son of Henri II de Condé. He was portrayed in the film Vatel by Julian Glover. [10] In his last letter to Louis, he asked that his estranged wife never be released from her exile to the countryside; she survived until 1694. Louis II de Bourbon, victorious at the Battle of Rocroi during the Thirty Years' War. Renseignements apportés par le blason Datation entre 1367 au plus tôt, date de la création de l’ordre de l’Ecu d’or et 1410 au plus tard, date de la mort du duc ; confirmation de l’attribution des travaux à Louis II de Bourbon. During the Fronde, he was courted by both sides, initially supporting Mazarin; he later became a leader of the princely opposition. Turenne and his brother the Duke of Bouillon were among those who had escaped arrest; they now demanded the prisoners' freedom, leading to a short-lived alliance between the Fronde des nobles and the Fronde des parlements. The duc d’Enghien won his first great victory over the Spaniards as head of the royal army at Rocroi (May 19, 1643). Hi full Louis was a name was Jean Marie de Bourbon. [a][9] This battle, fought on August 11, was one of the hardest of the century, and Condé, who displayed the reckless bravery of his youth, had three horses killed under him. The following year, again in the company of Louis XIV and of the army of Flanders, he had to reach Alsace, which had been threatened by Turenne’s death, hastily. About this time, convoluted negotiations between the Poles were carried on with a view to the royal elections in Poland, at first by Condé's son, Henri Jules de Bourbon, and afterwards by Condé himself. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. 86693155, citing Church of Saint-Georges (Defunct), Vendome, Departement du Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France ; Maintained by Lutetia (contributor 46580078) . CONDÉ, LOUIS II. A cultivated man, according to Mlle de Scudéry, who depicted him in her novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus (1649–53), he was also a patron of the arts. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). Thereupon, his friends launched the second war of the Fronde, which ended with Condé’s release and Mazarin’s first voluntary exile. Their children were: That he was capable of waging a methodical war of positions may be assumed from his campaigns against Turenne and Montecucculi, the greatest generals opposing him. After the defeat of the Fronde he entered Spanish service and led their armies against France, notably at Arras, Valenciennes and Dunkirk. With the marshal de Turenne, he was victorious at Freiburg, Philippsburg, Mainz, and Nördlingen. Anonymous (Author) See all 4 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. [5], After a campaign of uninterrupted success, Enghien returned to Paris in triumph, and tried to forget his enforced and hateful marriage with a series of affairs (after Richelieu's death in 1642 he would unsuccessfully seek annulment of his marriage in hopes of marrying Mlle du Vigean, until she joined the order of the Carmelites in 1647). The summer campaign of 1645 opened with the defeat of Turenne by Franz von Mercy at Mergentheim, but this was retrieved in the victory of Nördlingen, in which Mercy was killed, and Enghien himself received several serious wounds. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. Author of. But a change in his destiny came with the civil wars of the Fronde. DE BOURBON, Prince of (1621–1686), called the Great Condé, was the son of Henry, prince of Condé, and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, and was born at Paris on the 8th of September 1621. Louis II De Bourbon Paperback – Large Print, October 27, 2009. by . The moral temper and philosophy of this prince, so removed from the conventional standards of his day, were revealed by his libertine youth and by doctrinally questionable relationships—among them that with Pierre-Michon Bourdelot, a philosopher and skeptical doctor, and with the philosopher Spinoza, whom he tried to meet in Holland—by his nonobservance of all religious practices, and by his aggressive atheism—despite his honourable fidelity to the Jesuits who had instructed him. This was his last campaign and victory. Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. The Great Condé was the elder son of Henry II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, and of his wife, Charlotte de Montmorency. Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Enghien hercege (Párizs, 1621. szeptember 8. En 1641, il e… Surnommé le Bon Duc , il est considéré par ses contemporains comme le modèle du prince idéal . On his recall to Flanders, however, he won another great victory at Lens (Aug. 19–20, 1648). $55.99 — Paperback "Please retry" $53.75 . When he succeeded in 1646 as 'Prince of Condé,' his combination of military ability, noble status, and enormous wealth inspired considerable apprehension in Anne of Austria, regent for the young Louis XIV, and her prime minister Mazarin. The second phase was a pale reflection of the aristocratic resistance during the Wars of Religion; and, although Condé succeeded in gaining control of Paris, he did not acquire the support of the Parlement except briefly and under duress. Pendant les troubles de la Fronde, il adopte une attitude ambiguë. Although his youthful marriage to Claire Clémence de Maillé had brought him a dowry of 600,000 livres and many lands, Condé's lifelong resentment of his forced marriage to a social inferior persisted. – Fontainebleau, 1686. december 11. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Origin France Date Made 1662 Medium Engraving on paper Dimensions 362 × 282 mm Credit Line Given in memory of Mrs. Philo Adams Otis Reference Number 1944.570 Extended information about this artwork

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